The UN rights office hammered India and Pakistan on Monday for failing to improve the situation in Kashmir, while renewing calls for an international probe into violations in the disputed Himalayan region.
Kashmir, ruled in part but claimed in full by both countries, has suffered decades of unrest with rebel groups fighting for independence from Indian occupation or a merger of Kashmir with Pakistan, in bloodshed that has left tens of thousands dead, mostly civilians.
Last year, the Office of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights released its first-ever report on Kashmir, documenting wrongdoing by both sides and urging action to reduce long-standing tensions.
In a follow up report, the rights office said "neither India nor Pakistan have taken any concrete steps to address the numerous concerns raised."
"In Indian-occupied Kashmir, accountability for violations committed by members of the Indian security forces remains virtually non-existent," the report said.
The groundbreaking 2018 findings were particularly hard on India, highlighting "chronic impunity" for misconduct by troops.